عنوان مقاله [English]
(Issue): The concepts of peace and justice have a central place in the political thought of the leaders of the Islamic Revolution. In the eyes of the leaders of the revolution, there is a close relationship between these two concepts. They believe that lasting peace will only be achieved if a just system is established in the world. In other words, the basis of peace is justice. A review of the work of critical thinkers in international relations, especially neo-immigrants such as Robert Cox, shows that they seem to believe in such as well. (Question): This apparent similarity raises the question of: what are the similarities and differences between these two schools? (Hypothesis): Despite the similarity of these two schools in the belief that justice is a priori to peace and some other cases, but due to important trans-theoretical differences, these two schools have significant differences with each other. The issue is explored under the three axes of “peace and justice in the theoretical world,” “the state of peace and justice in the current era” and “strategies for change in the current system.” (History): Considering that there are no significant effects in the comparative study of these two schools; (Method): This article has examined the differences and similarities between these two schools using the comparative method. (Finding): The findings of the article indicate that according to the simultaneous attitude of the leaders of the Islamic Revolution to both the semantic and material aspects of international relations, by using their teachings, one can fill the existing gaps in the critical approaches to international relations, which generally have a materialistic view of international relations.