عنوان مقاله [English]
The Islamic revolution of Iran, as a social phenomenon, has its causes just like the other social phenomena, and in examining its causes, we will inevitably have an outlook at the essence of this phenomenon. A look at the written works regarding the essence of the Islamic revolution of Iran and why it happened depicts that on the one hand, the views presented are diverse, different and contrasting. On the other hand, the indigenous views are less used in this regard and the analysis of the causes of this phenomenon from the perspective of the domestic experts, especially the intellectuals who played a role in its realization, have been neglected.
Shahid Beheshti (RA) is one of the prominent intellectuals and great people who played a significant role in the realization of the Islamic revolution. Owing to this fact, evaluating the reasons behind the inception of the Islamic revolution of Iran from the point of view of this thought-provoking intellectual can fill a part of the gap mentioned above. Therefore, the reasons behind the inception of the Islamic revolution of Iran from the perspective of Dr. Beheshti is the main issue of this research. This article tries to use the descriptive-analytical method and based on the Springs Crisis methodology, to analyze Beheshti's thinking in drawing the reasons behind the inception of the Islamic revolution based on the four stages of "observing the crisis”, "identifying the causes", "drawing the desired condition" and "practical solution to overcome the crisis."
The results show that Shahid Beheshti, focusing on the crisis in the post-revolutionary Iran and the principles of the Islamic school of thought, has formulated the inception of the Islamic revolution as a necessity arising from the crisis of the society and in the form of a doctrinal-efficacy.