عنوان مقاله [English]
The Political schools distinguished based on their own definition of human. Thus, this article dissects Ayatollah Shah-Abadi’s approach to Politics ('iddah” and' “Udah”) according to his view point about human. The related researches to Ayatollah Shah-Abadi’s works merely focused whether on Ayatollah’s merely philosophical and theosophy-related thoughts or political views omitting anthropological roots. So, the main question of this article is “How do “'iddah” and' “Udah” policies correlate based on Ayatollah Shah-Abadi’s own definition of human?” The article conducts a qualitative content analysis of content on Ayatollah’s collected works concerning his philosophy and his definition of the human-nature. Then, following the difference of “Nature and Fetrah”, Ayatollah shows human’s role in establishing the societies. Also, emphasizing that nature must be coordinated with Fetrah, Shah-Abadi’s views of “'Iddah” and' “Udah” policies are explained. Finally, the article dissects how Fetrah-based rules (the tendencies of coexistence, perfectionism, having dignity and help seeking) related to 'Iddah” policy and nature-based rules (improving the agriculture, industry, trade, donation and lending-culture) related to “Udah” Politics correlate to each others.