نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه مطالعات سیاسی اسلام دانشگاه امام حسین
2 دکترای اندیشۀ سیاسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس و پژوهشگر دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی و فرهنگی دانشگاه امام حسین
عنوان مقاله [English]
The sociopolitical conditions after the Constitution resulted in the emergence and decline of the intellectual tradition of new monarchy. (History) However, valuable works in this regard have not been written (Background), thus, the relationship between its rise and fall with the emergence of the Islamic government has not been seriously investigated (Problem) as a result, the main question is: what sociopolitical conditions caused the formation of this tradition and on the one hand, how the failure of this tradition affected the rise of the thought of the Islamic government? (Question) It is assumed that this intellectual tradition did not continue for reasons like incompatibility with social conditions and the existence of some theoretical ambiguities. (Hypothesis) In the present research, in which the communitarianism framework is used (Methodology), we showed that this tradition not only enjoyed virtue, benefit and special companions in a historical period, (Objective) however and in spite of the failure of this tradition, its theoretical effects have remained in the intellectual atmosphere of Iran. Among its most important effects is that implementation of religious injunctions requires safe conditions which a strong government provides, therefore, with the failure of the thought of the presence of a king gradually provided the conditions for the emergence of jurisprudence-centered thoughts which in addition to the belief in implementing Islamic injunctions, regards wali al-faqih as the authority in performing them (Finding).