نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی
1 دانشیار دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه بولی سینا
2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه پیام نور
عنوان مقاله [English]
The principle of survival in realist approach is regarded as a new phenomenon (History); however, the principles, its necessity and critique from the viewpoint of Islam have not been analyzed (Background)! This approach can encompass two basic sub-branches: first, assessing the Darwinist principles of the principle of survival in realist theory; and second, assessing the difference in the notion of "survival" in the Islamic approach in one hand, and in realist theory on the other (Problem). Therefore, the main question is: How the Darwinist infrastructure of the principle of survival can be analyzed in the framework of Islamic thought (Question)? The viewpoint of Islam to the issue of survival and the goal of establishing a political system is the main reason of the gap in the Islamic and western approaches regarding the principle of survival (Hypothesis). The present article criticizes and evaluates the principle of survival in the international approach of realists by revealing its Darwinist infrastructure (Objective). The present paper, in the framework of the concept of Jacque Derrida's deconstruction, tries to deconstruct the concept of survival as one of the main concepts in the so-called realistic explanation of international relations and provide the ground for rethinking in this principle (Methodology); and discovering the disputing points in the Islamic and western approaches regarding the principle of survival in international relations is another achievement of this article (Finding).