نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی
1 استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم اسلامی امام صادق
2 دانشجوی دکترای علوم سیاسی دانشگاه باقرالعلوم
عنوان مقاله [English]
Revolutions face various challenges in the path of their continuity, evolution, and enforcement of their goals. Many of these challenges are similar and have been repeated in other revolutions as well; especially if the grounds for their occurrence are alike. Such similarities provide suitable opportunities for the leaders of subsequent revolutions to make use of their experiences. The Constitutional Revolution is one of the great revolutions of the contemporary Iran which faced many challenges and was finally deviated from its path. Regarding the similarity of the grounds of this event and that of the Islamic Revolution, the present article seeks to compare the sociopolitical challenges of the Constitutional Revolution and the Islamic Revolution. The issue investigated in the present article can probably be repeated in the Islamic Revolution as well. Therefore, the question is: What are the similarities of the challenges of the Constitutional Revolution and the Islamic Revolution? The present article uses historical-analytical method in order to answer this question. He most important results include: 1. exaggerating the disputes among sociopolitical elites and engaging the society in it; 2. creating a gap between the socioplolitical elites and the leaders of the revolution; 3. giving unreal answers to the real needs of the society and deviating the public thoughts.
These three above-mentioned methods can be observed both in the Constitutional Revolution and the Islamic Revolution.