عنوان مقاله [English]
Guidance has a transcendent meaning in Islamic literature and is at the center of the definition of politics in Islamic sources; and it is its identity which has both internalized politics and differentiated it from others (history). Research on political leadership, unlike the category of leadership, does not have a long history. In the first way, the lack of research in the political thought of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution is also evident (background). What model can the political thought of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution regarding political guidance provide? (Question). The method used to answer this question is data foundation (grounded theory) with the approach of Strauss and Corbin, who have provided a systematic approach to qualitative research (method). In this research, 548 selected propositions in the open coding process were extracted from the statements of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution, and by contemplating these propositions, 688 concepts or themes were obtained. A comparative study of these concepts revealed 101 categories. In axial coding, cognitive and perceptual categories, tendencies and emotions, and action and behavior were inferred from these categories as axial phenomena. And other categories, according to the type of their relationship with the central category, were formulated into causal, contextual, intervening factors, strategies and consequences. And in the selective coding, the category of “political man at the level of the system and the revolution” as a central phenomenon has integrated all categories around it and thus a model of political guidance in the political thought of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution was developed.