نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی
استادیار پژوهشکده علوم سیاسی پژوهشگاه علوم اسلامی امام صادق
عنوان مقاله [English]
By presenting thetheory of"the end of liberalismhistory", Francis Fukuyama (American-Japanese thinker) revived the issuesof political philosophy of history again. He claimsthatliberaldemocracy isthe last school and politicalsystem ofthe history. Fukuyama, based on Hegel’s theory interpreted by Alexander Kojeve, introduces "liberal democracy" as the end point of human ideological evolution, the final form of human government and the end of history. On the other hand, the twelve-Imam Shia has its own theory about the "Apocalypse" and unlike Fukuyama, introduces "pure Muhammadan Islam" and "Imam Mahdi’s government" as the last ideology and government of the history. Now, regarding these two theories and the soft war between Islam and Liberalism to win the future specially after the decline of the Soviet Union, this question arises that in comparing two theories of Shiite Apocalypse andLiberalism end of history, which one is better? Research methodinthispaper is "comparative study".Comparative studies commonly include three processes of description, comparisonand conclusion. The author’s hypothesis in this study is superiority of Shiite-apocalypse theory. Therefore the rival hypothesis which prefers liberal democracy is rejected.